In the UK the April 2010 Equality Act imposed a duty on Government Departments when drafting legislation to take into account any potential impact on inequality. Great policy, it’s a shame that it took the Labour government so long to formulate!
Only month after this act was passed into law, the Labour government was replaced by the Con-Dem coalition. That new government then scrapped the public sector equality duty component of the 2010 act, before it was intended to come into effect (in April 2011).
The Scottish government has stated that they plan to re-introduce this duty.
This of course is only one such possible policy measure. The OECD outlines several possible policies:
Eliminate gender inequality in employment.
Promote good quality (permanent, full time) jobs with opportunities for staff development.
Reduce labour market segmentation (by improving the ability of workers to move between different occupations, different areas and different industries).
Provide training, and re-training, throughout the working life of the workforce.
Redistributive taxation and state benefit policies.